Breast Cancer & Early Intervention
Breast Cancer in U.S.
Breast cancer is a national concern in United States and it costs over $ 17 billion dollars to its healthcare expenditures. According to American Cancer Society’s estimates in 2016,
- About 246,660 new cases of invasive breast cancer will be diagnosed in women.
- About 40,450 women will die from breast cancer.
- About 1 in 8 women will develop invasive breast cancer in their life time.
Also, the cost of early stage cancer detection is ~$12,000 per cancer patient and that for late detection is $345,000 . Hence, early detection would potentially save $12 billion dollars annually- as well as many lives.
Image Credit: National Breast Cancer Foundation
The Value of Early Detection
The earlier a disease is diagnosed, the more likely it is to cure or effectively manage it and lower its impact on your life. It is widely acknowledged that cancers, even in their earliest stages, need nutrients to maintain or accelerate their growth. In order to facilitate this process, blood vessels are caused to remain open, and new ones are formed through a process known as angiogenesis. This vascular process/activity causes an increase in surface temperature in the affected regions which can be detected with infrared detectors (heat may be due to cancer, or it may be inflammation without cancer). Early detection of thermal abnormalities and the opportunity for timely investigation and intervention are key advantages for both patient and physician.
Early Detection and Traditional X-ray Mammography:
Studies have shown [2,3,4] that by the time a tumor is sufficient in size (about 1 cm) to be detectable by physical examination or mammography, it has in fact been growing for about 8 to 10 years. If the tumor cells have a diameter of 10 µm, the cell colony will have reached a volume of 1cm^3 after 32 cell doublings. At that size, it consists of 10^9 cells. In other words, X-ray mammography (because of size and density dependence) cannot detect a tumor until it is about 1 cm (1 billion cells). The sensitivity of mammography is also degraded for pre-menopausal women, women who have dense breast tissue, and women with implants.
The exposure to ionizing radiation is another risk, and was another reason the United States Preventative Services Task Force reversed its aggressive mammogram guidelines. It’s well known that excessive doses of radiation can increase your risk of cancer . Also, a minimum of 35 lb of mechanical pressure is applied to a breast during mammographic procedures. No research so far has been conducted (to the best of our knowledge) to evaluate the long-term side effects induced in cells irradiated under mechanical pressure .
Also important is to make the distinction between screening and diagnostic tests. Screening tests are those given to presumably healthy women in order to check for changes or lumps in the breast that have not been found through manual examination. Diagnostic mammograms are given in situations in which a suspicious symptom has been detected in breasts and requires further investigation. If your physician feels it is necessary, you may need to undergo a diagnostic mammogram and additional tests to investigate a suspicious change or finding. However, if you are using X-ray mammography for routine screening purposes, just be aware of its harmful effects.
. H. Spitalier et al., Biomedical Thermology: Proc. of an International Symposium (New York: A. R. Liss, (1982), p. 269; R. Amalric et al., Progress in Clinical and Biological Research, vol. 107 (1982), p. 269.
. Semelka, R., Imaging X-rays cause cancer: a call to action for caregivers and patients, Medscape, reviewed and renewed Feb. 16, 2007.
. J. Gershon-Cohen, S.M. Berger, and Herbert S. Klickstein, “Roentgenography of breast cancer moderating concept of ‘biologic predeterminism,” Cancer 16, no. 8 (August 1963): 961-964.
. Sten Friberg, MD, PhD, and Stefan Mattson, “On the Growth Rates of Human Malignant Tumors: Implications for Medical Decision Making” Journal of Surgical Oncology 1997; 65:284–297
. Reverse Breast cancer-An Alternative Approach, by Jahangir Satti, Ph.D., August, 2010.
Why Use Thermal Imaging?
Thermal imaging is a 100% safe and pain-less imaging modality. Since it is sensitive to physiology, early detection of thermal anomalies affords us the opportunity to view changes before the potential formation of a tumor, and implement nutritional and lifestyle changes that can improve our health as well as cut down the tests/treatment costs, later.
- Thermal Imaging has the ability to spot early stage thermal anomalies in the chest area giving you the opportunity for timely investigation and intervention.
- Thermal Imaging is 100% safe, radiation-free and pain-less procedure-even safe for pregnant and nursing women! It is merely a thermal image of your body.
- Thermal Imaging can also detect in the armpit region (lymph nodes). Mammography cannot detect in this region, given its geometry (complements mammography).